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Categories | Artificial Insemination

Artificial Insemination

If you are a breeder of an animal, you may have to use artificial insemination at some stage in order to create better quality animals or animals that have the traits that you desire.  Artificial insemination is also useful if you have a sire or stud that is not “performing” as he should but you still wish to make use of his semen.

What is Artificial Insemination and Animal Semen Storage?


Artificial insemination is the process of getting a female pregnant without the need for animals to actually mate.  It is preferred amongst people that breed animals for showing purposes and also amongst farmers or breeders that are trying to improve their horses, cattle, sheep and so forth.  Artificial insemination allows the owner of the animal to control how the animals are bred and it increases the chance of pregnancy.  As well, it allows the owner to use the stud with more than one female, and thus maximising the stud’s efficiency.

Animal semen storage is the storage of the stud’s semen until it is required.  It is generally frozen and kept in secure places. You can use the stored semen of another animal (you will have to buy this) or you can store your own animal’s semen until you are ready to use it.

About Artificial Insemination and Animal Semen Storage


The artificial insemination process is usually done in stages.  The first is to evaluate the female to ensure that she is healthy, and that there is no evidence of infection in the reproductive organs.  The next step is transport the animal to the artificial insemination facility if necessary. They will then be scanned to see when ovulation is occurring and when ovulation starts, the semen will be inseminated.  Drugs and treatments may be given after the insemination process to improve the chances of success.  A certain amount of time after the insemination is carried out, a pregnancy scan will be done.

There are different types of artificial insemination but most processes use frozen or chilled semen.  Types of artificial insemination include:

  •  Laparoscopic artificial insemination – using a laparoscope (surgical instrument) to insert semen directly into the animal’s uterus.
  •  Cervical artificial insemination – this is where a speculum and a pipette is used to deposit the semen into the cervix through the animals vagina.

Animal semen storage is the process of taking your stud’s (male breeding animal) semen and storing it until it is required for one of your females.  There are facilities that will take care of the whole process for you – that is, they will collect the semen, test it for any bacteria or problems, and then store in special freezers that use liquid nitrogen, as the semen tends to stay in better condition using this method.

Choosing Artificial Insemination and Animal Semen Storage


Artificial insemination and animal semen storage can be expensive but they are worth it if you are trying to breed exceptional quality animals.  When finding out the costs for the artificial insemination process, find out what is included. The semen, tests, insemination process, handling, and any necessary treatments should all be included as part of the cost.  If anything unexpected crops up, you should be informed as soon as possible.

If you are storing animal semen, find out what the costs of doing this are.  For animal semen storage, you should ensure that the facility clearly labels the containers will all of the appropriate identifying details. The semen should be safely stored in fire resistant, locked tanks and be kept at the correct temperature at all times.  The semen storage facility should keep all semen records including any sale of the semen.
 


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